GRAND RAPIDS – A report contends while economic indicators remain stable or are even on the rise, worry over interest rates, inflation and continued supply chain issues have many leaders and economists predicting a recession.
Brian G. Long, director of Supply Management Research in the Seidman College of Business, said multiple factors create talk of a recession, including inventory build-ups throughout the entire supply chain, transportation issues, lack of truck drivers and the COVID-19 crisis in China.
“People will accept higher prices but they will not accept the idea that availability isn’t there at any price, so this causes them to hoard inventory,” Long said, adding affected commodities include steel, stainless steel, copper, lead and zinc.
Long also said the Federal Reserve has gone decades without a significant rise in interest rates, causing what could be a wage-price spiral, he said. This happens when cost-of-living raises for wage earners are less than the cost of inflation.
“The wage earners are looking at inflation at 8.5% right now and unions that are negotiating new contracts are offering 3 or 4%,” he said. “What this does is run up prices, which exacerbates this whole problem of inflation. We aren’t into that yet, but the fear is that we will get there soon.”
Long said this problem could be quelled with dramatic interest rate hikes from the Federal Reserve, such as in the 1970s when Paul Volker was chair and raised interest rates 19%. This would impact mortgage, auto and credit card rates, Long said.
Highlights from Long’s report are listed below:
- New orders in April remained stable at +29
- Production rose in April to +23, over the March index of +19
- Employment in April was +14, compared to +18 in March
- Purchases in April fell to +20, compared to +22 in March.
The Institute for Supply Management survey is a monthly survey of business conditions that includes 45 purchasing managers in the greater Grand Rapids area and 25 in Kalamazoo. The respondents are from the region’s major industrial manufacturers, distributors and industrial service organizations. It is patterned after a nationwide survey conducted by the Institute for Supply Management. Each month, the respondents are asked to rate eight factors as “same,” “up” or “down.”